19-2-03499-31 | Shaunessy HOA et al vs Richard Heng et al

Case Information

19-2-03499-31 | Shaunessy Homeowners Association et al vs Richard Heng et al
Case Number
19-2-03499-31

Court
Snohomish

File Date
04/22/2019

Case Type
COM Commercial

Case Status
Completed/Re-Completed

Party

Plaintiff
Shaunessy Homeowners Association

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyMASCH, BRETT

Retained


Garnishee Defendant (Participant)
Department of Social & Health Services


Defendant
Heng, Richard

Active Attorneys
Pro Se


Defendant
Heng, Mary

Active Attorneys
Pro Se


Disposition Events

02/14/2020 Judgment


Judicial Officer
Farris, Anita L

Judgment Type
General Recovery


Monetary/Property Award

Creditors: Shaunessy Homeowners Association

Debtors: Heng, Mary

Signed Date: 02/14/2020

Filed Date: 02/14/2020

Effective Date: 02/14/2020

Current Judgment Status:

Status: Active

Status Date: 02/14/2020

Monetary Award:

Fee: Principal, Amount: $17,337.27 , Interest: 12.00 %

Total: $17,337.27

Comment

Comment ()

09/01/2020 Judgment

Judicial Officer
Brudvik, Jacalyn D

Judgment Type
General Recovery

Monetary/Property Award

Creditors: Shaunessy Homeowners Association

Debtors: Lexington Enterprises Inc, Heng, Richard

Signed Date: 08/28/2020

Filed Date: 09/01/2020

Effective Date: 09/01/2020

Current Judgment Status:

Status: Active

Status Date: 09/01/2020

Monetary Award:

Fee: Principal, Amount: $17,248.24 , Interest: 12.00 %

Total: $17,248.24

Comment

Comment ()

04/08/2022 Judgment

Judicial Officer
Moore, Karen

Judgment Type
General Recovery

Monetary/Property Award

Creditors: Shaunessy Homeowners Association

Debtors: Heng, Richard

Signed Date: 04/08/2022

Filed Date: 04/08/2022

Effective Date: 04/08/2022

Current Judgment Status:

Status: Active

Status Date: 04/08/2022

Monetary Award:

Fee: Principal, Amount: $26,661.87 , Interest: 12.00 %

Total: $26,661.87

Comment

Comment ()


Events and Hearings

  • 1 04/22/2019 Summons View Document Summons
  • 2 04/22/2019 Complaint View Document Complaint
  • 3 04/22/2019 Case Information Cover Sheet View Document Case Information Cover Sheet
  • 4 05/22/2019 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 5 05/31/2019 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 6 05/31/2019 Amended Summons View Document Amended SummonsComment
    by Mail for Monies Due
  • 7 06/18/2019 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 8 06/20/2019 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 9 06/20/2019 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 10 06/20/2019 Answer and Affirmative Defense View Document Answer and Affirmative Defense
  • 11 06/24/2019 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 12 07/29/2019 Motion for Default View Document Motion for Default
  • 13 07/29/2019 Order of Default View Document Order of Default Judicial Officer
    Gaer, Susan C Comment
    (vacated as to Richard Heng 07/07/2021)
  • 07/29/2019 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 14 01/15/2020 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 15 01/15/2020 Motion for Summary Judgment View Document Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 16 15 01/15/2020 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    Lisa McMahon-Myhran
  • 17 01/15/2020 Proposed Order Findings View Document Proposed Order Findings
  • 18 01/15/2020 Proposed Order Findings View Document Proposed Order Findings
  • 19 01/15/2020 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 02/14/2020 Summary Judgment Judicial Officer
    Farris, Anita L Hearing Time
    9:30 AM Comment
    -Masch -CONFIRMED/MASCH
  • 20 02/14/2020 Summary Judgment Hearing View Document Summary Judgment HearingJudicial Officer
    Farris, Anita L
  • 21 02/14/2020 Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law View Document Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law
  • 22 02/14/2020 Order Granting Summary Judgment View Document Order Granting Summary Judgment Comment
    as to Mary Heng
  • 23 09/01/2020 Motion for Default Judgment View Document Motion for Default Judgment
  • 24 09/01/2020 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    of Tom Gish
  • 25 09/01/2020 Default Judgment View Document Default JudgmentJudicial Officer
    Brudvik, Jacalyn D Comment
    (vacated as to Richard Heng)
  • 09/01/2020 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 26 02/11/2021 Writ of Garnishment View Document Writ of Garnishment
  • 03/05/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 27 03/26/2021 Answer to Writ View Document Answer to Writ
  • 28 05/07/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 29 05/10/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration AffidavitComment
    of Mary Heng
  • 30 05/10/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration AffidavitComment
    of Richard Heng
  • 31 05/10/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Sophie Bo
  • 32 05/10/2021 Motion for Order to Show Cause View Document Motion for Order to Show CauseComment
    and Motion to Vacate Default Judgement
  • 33 05/11/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 34 05/11/2021 Motion for Order to Show Cause View Document Motion for Order to Show Cause Comment
    & motion to vacate default judgment
  • 35 05/11/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Mary Heng
  • 36 05/11/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Sophie Bo
  • 37 05/11/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Richard Heng
  • 38 05/11/2021 Order to Show Cause View Document Order to Show CauseJudicial Officer
    Waggoner, Tracy G
  • 05/11/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 39 05/19/2021 Acceptance of Service View Document Acceptance of Service
  • 40 06/04/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 41 06/04/2021 Response View Document Response Comment
    to motion to vacate
  • 42 06/04/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 43 06/04/2021 Stipulation View Document Stipulation Comment
    for electronic service
  • 44 06/08/2021 Reply View Document Reply Comment
    declaration of Richard Heng
  • 45 06/08/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Mary Heng / supplemental
  • 46 06/08/2021 Memorandum View Document Memorandum Comment
    in strict reply
  • 06/09/2021 Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Waggoner, Tracy G Hearing Time
    10:30 AMComment
    on motion to vacate default judgment -CONFIRMED/EHRLICH
  • 47 06/09/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion HearingJudicial Officer
    Waggoner, Tracy G
  • 48 06/09/2021 Order Denying Motion Petition View Document Order Denying Motion Petition Judicial Officer
    Waggoner, Tracy G
  • 06/09/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 49 06/18/2021 Motion for Revision View Document Motion for Revision
  • 50 06/18/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 51 06/25/2021 Response View Document Response Comment
    to motion for revision
  • 52 06/25/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 53 06/28/2021 Reply View Document Reply Comment
    to Response to Revision/Dfdt’s
  • 54 06/28/2021 Affidavit of Mailing View Document Affidavit of Mailing
  • 55 06/29/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 56 06/29/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Daniel Ehrlich
  • 06/30/2021 Revision Judicial Officer
    Appel, George F Hearing Time
    9:15 AM Cancel Reason
    Defense/Respondent Requested Comment
    **As noted.-CONFIRMED/EHRLICH -STRICKEN/EHRLICH
  • 06/30/2021 Hearing Cancelled Unknown Party
  • 07/07/2021 Revision Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen Hearing Time
    9:30 AM.Comment
    Oral Argument requested by Judge. Please appear at 9:30 am. -CONFIRMED/EHRLICH
  • 57 07/07/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen
  • 58 07/07/2021 Order Revising Ruling View Document Order Revising Ruling Comment
    order of default against Richard Heng dated 07/29/2019 and default judgment filed 09/01/2020 is vacated as to Richard Heng
  • 59 07/09/2021 Release View Document Release Comment
    of writ ISSUED 2/11/21 TO WA STATE DSHS
  • 60 10/18/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 61 10/18/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 62 10/18/2021 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    of Shean Nasin
  • 63 10/18/2021 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    of Lisa McMahon-Myhran
  • 64 10/18/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    of Brett Masch
  • 65 10/18/2021 Motion for Summary Judgment View Document Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 66 11/03/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 67 11/03/2021 Motion for Summary Judgment View Document Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 68 11/03/2021 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    of Lisa McMahon-Myhran
  • 69 11/03/2021 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    of Shean Nasin
  • 70 11/03/2021 Affidavit in Support View Document Affidavit in Support Comment
    of Brett Masch
  • 71 11/03/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 72 11/10/2021 Motion and Affidavit Declaration View Document Motion and Affidavit Declaration Comment
    to Amend Case Caption & Amend Complaint
  • 73 11/10/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 74 11/10/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 11/19/2021 Summary Judgment Judicial Officer
    Judge, Millie M Hearing Time
    9:30 AM Cancel Reason
    Stricken Comment
    – Masch
  • 75 11/22/2021 Memorandum View Document MemorandumComment
    in Response to Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 76 11/23/2021 Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney View Document Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney
  • 77 11/29/2021 Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney View Document Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney Comment
    Amended
  • 78 11/30/2021 Motion to Continue View Document Motion to Continue
  • 79 11/30/2021 Order of Continuance View Document Order of Continuance Judicial Officer
    Moriarty, Patrick M
  • 11/30/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 12/01/2021 Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moriarty, Patrick M Hearing Time
    10:30 AM Comment
    to Change Case Caption -CONFIRMED/MASCH
  • 12/01/2021 Hearing Continued Stipulated Comment
    Continued to 12-22
  • 80 12/03/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 81 12/03/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 82 12/03/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar Comment
    – Amended
  • 83 12/03/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 12/22/2021 Motion to Amend Judicial Officer
    Moriarty, Patrick M Hearing Time
    10:30 AM Cancel Reason
    Duplicate Hearing Comment
    caption
  • 12/22/2021 Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moriarty, Patrick M Hearing Time
    10:30 AM Comment
    to change case caption- CONFIRMED/MASCH
  • 84 12/22/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moriarty, Patrick M
  • 85 12/22/2021 Order Granting Leave to Amend View Document Order Granting Leave to Amend Comment
    case caption & complaint
  • 86 12/29/2021 Amended Summons View Document Amended Summons
  • 87 12/29/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 88 12/29/2021 Reply View Document Reply Comment
    to memorandum in response to motion for summary judgment
  • 89 12/30/2021 Amended Complaint View Document Amended Complaint
  • 90 01/04/2022 Response View Document ResponseComment
    to Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 91 01/04/2022 Proposed Order Findings View Document Proposed Order Findings
  • 92 01/04/2022 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 93 01/06/2022 Order of Continuance View Document Order of Continuance Judicial Officer
    Thompson, Paul W
  • 01/06/2022 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 94 01/11/2022 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 95 01/18/2022 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar Comment
    – Amended
  • 96 01/18/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 97 01/24/2022 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 98 02/04/2022 Note for Motion Docket Late Filing View Document Note for Motion Docket Late Filing Comment
    **Date passed, 03/30/21.
  • 99 02/04/2022 Motion to Continue View Document Motion to Continue
  • 100 02/04/2022 Proposed Order Findings View Document Proposed Order Findings
  • 101 02/04/2022 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance Comment
    – Amended
  • 102 02/10/2022 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 103 02/15/2022 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar Comment
    – Amended
  • 104 02/15/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 02/17/2022 Motion to Continue Judicial Officer
    Appel, George F Hearing Time
    9:15 AM Cancel Reason
    Stricken-Not Confirmed Comment
    Hearing from February 18, 2022 to March 18, 2022
  • 02/17/2022 Hearing Cancelled Unknown Party
  • 02/18/2022 Summary Judgment Judicial Officer
    Okrent, Richard T Hearing Time
    9:30 AM Cancel Reason
    Duplicate Hearing Comment
    – Masch
  • 105 03/14/2022 Reply View Document ReplyComment
    to Response to Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 106 03/14/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 107 03/14/2022 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw
  • 03/18/2022 Summary Judgment Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen Hearing Time
    9:30 AM Comment
    /Masch -CONT 12/3/21 PER MASCH – CONT 01/07 PER MASCH -CONT FROM 2/18/22 PER MASCH-CONFIRMED/MASCH Oral argument requested by Court
  • 108 03/18/2022 Summary Judgment Hearing View Document Summary Judgment Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen
  • 109 03/18/2022 Order Denying Motion Petition View Document Order Denying Motion Petition Comment
    for Summary Judgment ***VACATED 04/08/2022***
  • 110 03/28/2022 Motion for Reconsideration View Document Motion for Reconsideration
  • 111 03/28/2022 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 112 03/28/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 04/08/2022 Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen Hearing Time
    9:30 AM Comment
    Motion for Reconsideration
  • 113 04/08/2022 Motion View Document MotionComment
    for Extension of Time
  • 114 04/08/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen
  • 115 04/08/2022 Order on Motion for Reconsideration View Document Order on Motion for Reconsideration Comment
    /granted, vacating order entered 03/18/2022 and granting pltfs motion for summary judgment
  • 04/08/2022 Case Resolution Summary Judgment
  • 116 04/19/2022 Motion for Reconsideration View Document Motion for Reconsideration
  • 117 04/19/2022 Motion for Reconsideration View Document Motion for Reconsideration Comment
    of Summary Judgment
  • 118 05/02/2022 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 119 05/04/2022 Motion for Reconsideration View Document Motion for Reconsideration Comment
    of Summary Judgment-Amended
  • 05/06/2022 Reconsideration Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen Hearing Time
    10:00 AM Comment
    Motion for Reconsideration (w/o Oral Arg)
  • 120 05/16/2022 Order on Motion for Reconsideration View Document Order on Motion for Reconsideration Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen Comment
    denied
  • 05/16/2022 Ex Parte Action With Order
  • 121 05/27/2022 Motion for Reconsideration View Document Motion for Reconsideration
  • 122 05/27/2022 Writ of Garnishment View Document Writ of Garnishment
  • 123 06/09/2022 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar
  • 06/17/2022 Reconsideration Judicial Officer
    Moore, Karen Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Comment
    2nd motion
  • 124 06/17/2022 Motion for Reconsideration View Document Motion for Reconsideration Comment
    /amended second
  • 125 06/17/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion HearingJudicial Officer
    Moore, Karen
  • 126 06/24/2022 Answer to Writ View Document Answer to Writ
  • 127 06/28/2022 Order on Motion for Reconsideration View Document Order on Motion for ReconsiderationJudicial Officer
    Moore, KarenComment
    -Denied
  • 06/28/2022 Ex Parte Action With Order
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Kiona Park Estates v. Dehls 18 Wn. App. 2d 328 (7-7-21)

Kiona Park Estates v. Dehls

Court of Appeals of Washington, Division Two

April 6, 2021, Oral Argument; July 7, 2021, Filed

No. 54477-6-IIReporter
18 Wn. App. 2d 328 | 491 P.3d 247 | 2021 Wash. App. LEXIS 1665

Kiona Park Estates, Respondent, v. Avera Lee Dehls et al., Appellants.

Prior History:

Appeal from Lewis County Superior Court. Docket No: 18-2-01287-1. Judge signing: Honorable J Andrew Toynbee. Judgment or order under review. Date filed: 01/08/2020.

Headnotes/Summary

Summary
WASHINGTON OFFICIAL REPORTS SUMMARY

Nature of Action: A homeowners’ association sued a member for damages and foreclosure on all past liens and past due balances owing on dues assessments unpaid since 2002.

Superior Court: The Superior Court for Lewis County, No. 18-2-01287-1, J. Andrew Toynbee, J., on January 8, 2020, entered a summary judgment in favor of the association.

Court of Appeals: Holding that (1) the action was subject to the six-year limitation period of RCW 4.16.040, (2) each annual dues assessment was a discreet claim, and (3) the association was therefore entitled to collect unpaid dues only from 2013 to 2018, the court reverses the judgment and remands the case for further proceedings.

Counsel:Christi C. Goeller, for appellants.

Kelly A. Delaat-Maher (of Smith Alling PS), for respondent.

Judges: Authored by Lisa Sutton. Concurring: Lisa Worswick, Linda Lee.

Opinion by: Lisa Sutton

Opinion

¶1 Sutton, J. — Avera Dehls appeals the superior court’s judgment and order granting summary judgment to the Kiona Park Estates Association (Association) to enforce a recorded lien for Dehls’s unpaid annual homeowners’ association (HOA) dues from 2002 to 2018. This case presents an issue of first impression: which statute of limitations applies to an action to enforce a HOA’s lien where chapter 64.38 RCW, the governing chapter for HOAs, does not contain a limitations period.

¶2 We hold that the applicable statute of limitations is six years under RCW 4.16.040 because the governing documents are written agreements. We further hold that each annual HOA dues assessment is a discrete claim. Accordingly, based on the six-year limitations period, the Association is entitled to collect unpaid dues from Dehls for only the time period 2013 to 2018. Thus, we hold that the superior court erred by granting the Association summary judgment for the entire amount of unpaid dues from 2003 to 2018. We reverse the court’s judgment and order granting summary judgment, and we remand to the superior court to vacate the judgment and order and to enter an amended judgment and order consistent with this opinion.

FACTS

I. Background Facts

¶3 The Association is a Washington nonprofit corporation. It was formed to, among other things, collect dues and assessments from its membership and to enforce the covenants and restrictions in a development known as Kiona Park Estates.

¶4 The Association’s governing documents are the original “Declaration of Protective Covenants and Easements,” the 1986 “Restated Declaration of Protective Covenants and Easements” (collectively Declarations), and the “Articles of Incorporation”; the Restated Declaration has been amended during the relevant time period.1 Articles C and D of the Declarations grant authority to the Association to assess dues against each member of the Association for maintenance, and provide that any unpaid dues become a lien. The dues are required to be paid in January of each year. The dues amount was $150 per year in 2002, $200 per year from 2003 to 2017, and $250 per year beginning in 2018.

¶5 Section C(2)(a) of the Declarations states, in relevant part, “Any dues that remain unpaid for a period of ninety (90) days shall become a lien against the defaulting lot owner’s property enforceable as any other real estate lien in the State of Washington.” Clerk’s Papers (CP) at 85, 98, 115. The Association’s Articles of Incorporation state, “Delinquent dues and assessments will constitute a lien upon the parcel(s) of real property owned by the delinquent member of the corporation,” consistent with the provisions of the Declarations. CP at 133. Article E, section 2 states that the “parties in interest” have the right to enforce the Declarations. CP at 60, 72, 99-100. Association bylaws adopted in 2001 and amended in 2017 also support the HOA’s right and ability to assess an owner for dues and take enforcement action against an owner for unpaid dues in the form of a lien or collection.

¶6 Dehls purchased real property in the Kiona Park Estates development in 1989 and is a member of the Association. Since 2001, Dehls has failed to make payments to the Association as required by the Declarations, and he became delinquent beginning in January 2002. The Association filed and recorded liens against Dehls’s property in 2003, 2006, and 2018. The 2003 lien was for dues owed for 2002 and 2003. The 2006 lien referred only to dues owed in 2004 and 2005, as well as attorney fees. The 2018 lien aggregated all the dues Dehls owed beginning in 2002, stating that Dehls was “in arrears of annual membership dues and assessments, interest, and/or late charges in the amount of $10,041.67,” plus attorney fees in the amount of $368.02, for a total owed of $10,409.69. CP at 38.

II. Procedural Facts

¶7 The Association filed a complaint against Dehls in November 2018, seeking damages and foreclosure on all the past liens and past due balances. Dehls answered the complaint and asserted the affirmative defense of statute of limitations.

¶8 In June 2019, the Association filed a motion for summary judgment and argued that Dehls breached his duties under the Declarations. In support of its motion, the Association filed declarations from its attorney, treasurer, and president. The Association filed, among other documents, the Declarations in their current and past versions, the Articles of Incorporation, and the Association’s ledger outlining the amounts Dehls owed plus interest accrued, for a total amount due of $7,101.00. Dehls opposed this motion and argued that the Association could not collect the past dues from 2002 because the Declarations are contracts and, thus, the 6-year statute of limitations under RCW 4.16.040 applied. The Association replied that it was not subject to a 6-year statute of limitations because the Declarations and Articles of Incorporation were not “contracts,” but either were more akin to an open account under RCW 4.16.150 or were subject to a 10-year statute of limitations under RCW 4.16.120.

¶9 The superior court granted the Association’s motion for summary judgment. The court awarded the Association $7,101.00 for past dues, as well as $7,143.74 in attorney fees and $1,046.00 in costs. Dehls filed a motion for reconsideration, which the superior court denied.

¶10 Dehls appeals the superior court’s judgment and order granting the Association’s motion for summary judgment and denying Dehls’s motion for reconsideration.

ANALYSIS

I. Summary Judgment

¶11 Dehls argues that the superior court erred by granting the Association’s motion for summary judgment because the Declarations constitute a contract or written agreement and, thus, the six-year statute of limitations under RCW 4.16.040 applies, barring the Association’s claim to enforce liens prior to 2013. We hold that the six-year statute of limitations in RCW 4.16.040 applies because the debt arose from the Declarations, which are written agreements. Thus, the superior court erred by granting summary judgment in the Association’s favor for dues owed for the period of 2002 to 2012.

A. Legal Principles

1. Summary Judgment

¶12 We review summary judgment decisions de novo. Zonnebloem, LLC v. Blue Bay Holdings, LLC, 200 Wn. App. 178, 182, 401 P.3d 468 (2017). Summary judgment is appropriate where the pleadings, admissions on file, and affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law. CR 56(c). Here, the materials facts are undisputed.

2. Governing Documents

¶13 An HOA’s governing documents are interpreted in accordance with accepted rules of contract interpretation. See Bangerter v. Hat Island Cmty. Ass’n, 14 Wn. App. 2d 718, 735, 472 P.3d 998 (2020), review granted196 Wn.2d 1037 (2021); see also RCW 64.38.010(10). Contract interpretation is a question of law that we review de novo. Dave Johnson Ins., Inc. v. Wright, 167 Wn. App. 758, 769, 275 P.3d 339 (2012). “The purpose of contract interpretation is to determine the parties’ intent.” Roats v. Blakely Island Maint. Comm’n, Inc., 169 Wn. App. 263, 274, 279 P.3d 943 (2012). Washington courts follow the context rule of contract interpretation, which allows a court, while viewing the contract as a whole, to consider extrinsic evidence to determine the parties’ intent. Roats, 169 Wn. App. at 274. We consider a corporation’s governing documents, including articles of incorporation and bylaws, “correlated documents” to be construed together as a whole. Roats, 169 Wn. App. at 274.

¶14 Contractual language generally must be given its ordinary, usual, and popular meaning. Jensen v. Lake Jane Estates, 165 Wn. App. 100, 105, 267 P.3d 435 (2011). “An interpretation of a contract that gives effect to all provisions is favored over an interpretation that renders a provision ineffective.” Snohomish County Pub. Transp. Benefit Area Corp. v. FirstGroup Am., Inc., 173 Wn.2d 829, 840, 271 P.3d 850 (2012). And “[w]here one construction would make a contract unreasonable, and another, equally consistent with its language, would make it reasonable, the latter more rational construction must prevail.” Byrne v. Ackerlund, 108 Wn.2d 445, 453-54, 739 P.2d 1138 (1987). Here, the relevant governing documents are the Declarations as amended.

3. Restrictive Covenants

¶15 Dehls argues that the governing documents constitute a restrictive covenant. A “restrictive covenant” is an agreement or promise between two or more parties that limits permissible uses of land. See Hollis v. Garwall, Inc., 137 Wn.2d 683, 690, 974 P.2d 836 (1999); Restatement (Third) of Property: Servitudes § 1.3, at 23 (Am. Law Inst. 2000). When the covenant “runs with the land,” it burdens a particular parcel with the duty of complying with the restriction and benefits of a particular parcel with the right to enforce the restriction. Deep Water Brewing, LLC v. Fairway Res. Ltd., 152 Wn. App. 229, 257-58, 215 P.3d 990 (2009); 17 William B. Stoebuck & John W. Weaver, Washington Practice: Real Estate: Property Law § 3.2 (2d ed. 2004). “The doctrine of ‘running’ is analogous to the contract doctrines of assignment of rights and delegation of duties; it is a doctrine whereby remote parties are bound or benefited by contractual covenants made by the original parties.” 17 Stoebuck & Weaver, supra, § 3.2, at 126.

¶16 Between the original parties to the covenant, enforcement is a matter of contract law. Deep Water Brewing, 152 Wn. App. at 257. If the covenant runs with the land, it may also be enforced by the original parties’ successors in interest. Deep Water Brewing, 152 Wn. App. at 257-58.

4. Statute of Limitations and Accrual of an Action

¶17 A statute of limitations is designed to protect individuals and courts from stale claims. Burns v. McClinton, 135 Wn. App. 285, 293, 143 P.3d 630 (2006). As an affirmative defense, the statute of limitations is a matter on which the defendant bears the burden of proof. See Haslund v. City of Seattle, 86 Wn.2d 607, 620-21, 547 P.2d 1221 (1976). Where the underlying facts are not in dispute, whether a case was filed within the statute of limitations period is a question of law to be determined by a judge. Goodman v. Goodman, 128 Wn.2d 366, 373, 907 P.2d 290 (1995). We review questions of law de novo. Filmore LLLP v. Unit Owners Ass’n of Centre Pointe Condo., 184 Wn.2d 170, 173, 355 P.3d 1128 (2015).

¶18 HOAs are governed by chapter 64.38 RCW. However, the legislature has imposed no statute of limitations to dictate actions arising out of this chapter. In contrast, the legislature imposed a three-year statute of limitations for actions arising out of the Condominium Act,2 and later imposed a six-year statute of limitations for actions arising out of the Washington Uniform Common Interest Ownership Act.3 RCW 64.34.364(8); RCW 64.90.485(9).

¶19 RCW 4.16.040(1) states that “[a]n action upon a contract in writing, or liability express or implied arising out of a written agreement” has a six-year statute of limitations. “A cause of action generally accrues for purposes of the commencement of the statute of limitation when a party has a right to apply to court for relief.” Bush v. Safeco Ins. Co. of Am., 23 Wn. App. 327, 329, 596 P.2d 1357 (1979).

B. Analysis

¶20 It is undisputed that the Declarations are the governing HOA documents. Accordingly, the governing documents are interpreted via contract rules. See Bangerter, 14 Wn. App. 2d at 735; RCW 64.38.010(10). And the parties’ intent was that members of the Association would pay dues in order to receive the benefit of certain maintenance and easements. Roats, 169 Wn. App. at 274. This is clear from the plain meaning of the contractual language. Jensen, 165 Wn. App. at 105. The Association, as the HOA, sued Dehls to enforce the Declarations, which are written agreements. Because this action arises out of a written agreement—the Declarations—RCW 4.16.040 applies, and the statute of limitations to enforce an HOA lien or unpaid HOA dues is six years.

¶21 The Association argues that RCW 4.16.020 applies. RCW 4.16.020 establishes a 10-year statute of limitations for recovery of an interest in real property. This does not apply here because it was not an action for recovery of an interest in real property. The Association does not seek to recover Dehls’s property; rather, it seeks only to recover the dues owed to it by Dehls.

¶22 The Association also argues that RCW 4.16.150, which deals with open and mutual accounts, applies. RCW 4.16.150 provides:

In an action brought to recover a balance due upon a mutual open and current account, where there have been reciprocal demands between the parties, the cause of action shall be deemed to have accrued from the time of the last item proved in the account on either side, but whenever a period of more than one year shall have elapsed between any of a series of items or demands, they are not to be deemed such an account.

“An open account is one in which some item of contract is not settled by the parties. Typically, the account results from ongoing sales of goods, supplies, or materials, but may also result from ongoing rendition of services or advancement of money, comprising mutual credits between the parties.” 27 Marjorie Dick Rombauer, Washington Practice: Creditors’ Remedies—Debtors’ Relief § 5.47, at 522-23 (1998) (footnote omitted). And “[a]n account is not mutual if it consists of items provided on separate contracts without reciprocal demands.” 27 Rombauer, at 523 n.7 (citing Hills v. City of Hoquiam, 94 Wash. 63, 161 P. 1049 (1916)).

¶23 RCW 4.16.150 does not apply here because Dehls’s unpaid dues are not an open and mutual account. This was not a matter of a contract remaining unsettled by a party. Rather, each yearly dues assessment was a discrete amount owed to the Association. The dues assessment was due on a yearly basis, and the amount of the dues periodically increased. The dues owed each year were for services to be provided by the Association in the coming year.

¶24 Articles C and D of the Declarations provide for common expenses owed by each member of the Association annually, and any unpaid expenses become a lien. The dues are due each year in January. In 2002, the dues were $150 per year, and from 2003 to 2017, the dues were $200 per year. The dues went up to $250 per year beginning in 2018. Discrete annual dues amounts were due 90 days after each year’s dues were assessed; on the 91st day, the cause of action accrued and the statute of limitations began to run on each discrete dues assessment.

¶25 Dehls does not dispute that the Association had the authority through the governing documents to seek enforcement of the 2013 to 2018 dues. Since 2002, Dehls never paid his annual dues, and the Association filed and recorded three liens against his property in 2003, 2006, and 2018. At the time the Association filed this lawsuit in 2018, Dehls’s dues totaled $7,101.00, plus interest accrued from 2003 on. But because the six-year statute of limitations began to run each year on the 91st day after Dehls received his dues statement, the Association can seek enforcement of the unpaid annual dues only for the years 2013 through 2018.

¶26 Therefore, the superior court erred by granting summary judgment to the Association in regard to the 2002-2012 dues, but it properly granted summary judgment to the Association in regard to the 2013-2018 unpaid dues. Accordingly, we reverse and remand to the superior court for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

II. Appellate Attorney Fees and Costs

¶27 Both parties argue that they are entitled to an award of reasonable appellate attorney fees and costs. Because neither party can be perceived as the prevailing party on appeal, we deny both parties’ requests.

¶28 RAP 18.1(a) authorizes a party to recover reasonable attorney fees and expenses so long as the party “request[s] the fees or expenses” and “applicable law grants to [the] party the right to recover.” The party must do so in a separate section of his or her opening brief. RAP 18.1(b). We will award attorney fees to the prevailing party “only on the basis of a private agreement, a statute, or a recognized ground of equity.” Equitable Life Leasing Corp. v. Cedarbrook, Inc., 52 Wn. App. 497, 506, 761 P.2d 77 (1988). “When both parties to an action are afforded some measure of relief and there is no singularly prevailing party,” neither party is entitled to attorney fees. Marine Enters., Inc. v. Sec. Pac. Trading Corp., 50 Wn. App. 768, 772, 750 P.2d 1290 (1988).

¶29 The Declarations provide a right to attorney fees and costs to the prevailing party in any legal actions. Because there is no prevailing party on appeal, we deny both parties’ requests for attorney fees and costs on appeal.

CONCLUSION

¶30 We reverse the court’s judgment and order granting summary judgment, and we remand to the superior court to vacate the judgment and order and enter an amended judgment and order consistent with this opinion.

Lee, C.J., and Worswick, J., concur.

References

LexisNexis Practice Guide: Washington Real Estate Litigation

Washington Rules of Court Annotated (LexisNexis ed.)

Annotated Revised Code of Washington by LexisNexisFootnotes

  • 1We consider a corporation’s governing documents, including articles of incorporation and bylaws, “correlated documents” to be construed together as a whole. Roats v. Blakely Island Maint. Comm’n, Inc., 169 Wn. App. 263, 274, 279 P.3d 943 (2012).
  • 2Ch. 64.34 RCW.
  • 3Ch. 64.90 RCW.
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21-3-00301-18 Matthew S Goodman vs Julia F Bryant

Case Information

21-3-00301-18 | MATTHEW S GOODMAN vs JULIA F BRYANT
Case Number
21-3-00301-18

Court
Kitsap

File Date
04/01/2021

Case Type
PPS Parenting Plan/Child Support

Case Status
Active

Party

Respondent (WIP)
BRYANT, JULIA F

DOB
XX/XX/1990

Petitioner (WIP)
GOODMAN, MATTHEW S

DOB
XX/XX/1978

Inactive AttorneysPro Se


Minor (WIP)
VICTIM, JUVENILE


Guardian ad Litem
RYDER, MICHELLE

Events and Hearings

  • 1 04/01/2021 Case Information Cover Sheet View Document Case Information Cover Sheet
  • 04/01/2021 Confidential Information Form
  • 2 04/01/2021 Motion for Waiver of Fees View Document Motion for Waiver of Fees
  • 3 04/01/2021 Order to Proceed In Forma Pauperis View Document Order to Proceed In Forma Pauperis Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina
  • 04/01/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina
  • 4 04/01/2021 Agreement View Document Agreement Comment
    FINANCIAL OBLIGATION
  • 5 04/01/2021 Summons and Petition for Parenting Plan Res Schedule View Document Summons and Petition for Parenting Plan Res Schedule
  • 04/01/2021 Cover Sealed Birth Certificate or Paternity Document
  • 6 04/01/2021 Proposed Parenting Plan View Document Proposed Parenting Plan
  • 04/01/2021 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 7 04/01/2021 Mot Declr for Ex Parte Restraining Order Order to Show Cause View Document Mot Declr for Ex Parte Restraining Order Order to Show Cause
  • 8 04/01/2021 Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause View Document Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina Comment
    4/13/21 @ 9:00 PATERNITY – RESTRAINTS
  • 9 04/01/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina Comment
    COURT SIGNS ORDER
  • 10 04/05/2021 Correspondence View Document Correspondence Comment
    CLERK TO SEATTLE PD
  • 11 04/05/2021 Temporary Restraining Order View Document Temporary Restraining Order Judicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D
  • 12 04/06/2021 Sheriffs Return on Service View Document Sheriffs Return on Service
  • 13 04/08/2021 Ex Parte View Document Paternity Officer
    Robinson, Tina Hearing Time
    8:30 AMResult
    Held Parties Present Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 14 04/08/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Paternity Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina Comment
    COURT DENIES MOTION
  • 15 04/08/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 16 04/08/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    OF AMY BRYANT
  • 17 04/08/2021 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 18 04/08/2021 M0t Declr for Ex Parte Restraining Order Order to Show Cause View Document Mot Declr for Ex Parte Restraining Order Order to Show Cause
  • 19 04/08/2021 Motion View Document Motion Comment
    TO QUASH IMMEDIATE RESTRAINING ORDER
  • 20 04/08/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 21 04/08/2021 Copy View Document Copy Comment
    NEWS ARTICLES RE: MATTHEW GOODMAN
  • 22 04/08/2021 Copy View Document Copy Comment
    CRIMINAL HISTORY OF MATTHEW GOODMAN
  • 23 04/08/2021 Copy View Document Copy Comment
    PHOTOS OF MATTHEW GOODMAN
  • 04/08/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 24 04/08/2021 Order Denying Motion Petition View Document Order Denying Motion Petition Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina Comment
    FOR RESTRAINTS
  • 25 04/08/2021 Order Denying Motion Petition View Document Order Denying Motion Petition Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina Comment
    TO QUASH IMMEDIATE RESTRAINING ORDER
  • 04/09/2021 Ex Parte Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Held Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 26 04/09/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    COURT ORDERS RETURN OF CHILD TO MOTHER; CONTINUES 4/13/21 HEARING TO 4/20/21 @ 9:00 AM
  • 27 04/09/2021 Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause View Document Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    04/20/2021 @ 9:00 AM; PARENTAGE – RESTRAINTS
  • 28 04/13/2021 Email View Document Email Comment
    CLERK TO KCSO
  • 29 04/19/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 30 04/19/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 04/20/2021 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Continued Comment
    RESTRAINTSParties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 04/20/2021 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    RESTRAINTS Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 31 04/20/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    MATTER CONTINUED; COURT SIGNS ORDER EXTENDING RESTRAINTS
  • 32 04/20/2021 Extension of Immediate Restraining Order and Hearing Notice View Document Extension of Immediate Restraining Order and Hearing Notice Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    5/18/21 @ 9:00 PARENTAGE – RESTRAINTS (ALREADY SET PER #32)
  • 33 04/23/2021 Email View Document Email Comment
    CLERK TO KCSO
  • 34 04/29/2021 Response View Document Response
  • 35 05/10/2021 Note for Calendar View Document Note for Calendar Comment
    5/28/21 @ 9:00 SET SETT CONF
  • 05/13/2021 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 05/13/2021 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 36 05/17/2021 Objection Opposition View Document Objection Opposition Comment
    TO PETITIONER’S LATE FILED RESPONSIVE MATERIALS
  • 05/18/2021 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    RESTRAINTSParties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 37 05/18/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    COURT GRANTS MOTION IN PART/ ORDER TO BE PRESENTED
  • 38 05/18/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    IN RESPONSE
  • 05/28/2021 Settlement Conference Hearing Time
    9:00 AM
  • 39 05/28/2021 Notice of Change of Address View Document Notice of Change of Address
  • 40 05/28/2021 Settlement Conference Setting View Document Settlement Conference Setting Comment
    SETTLEMENT CONFERENCE JULY 28, 2021 AT 1:30
  • 06/04/2021 Presentation of Order Original Type
    Presentation of Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Stricken
  • 06/04/2021 Hearing Stricken In Court NonAppearance
  • 41 07/13/2021 Temporary Order View Document Temporary Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L
  • 07/28/2021 Settlement Conference Original Type Settlement Conference Judicial Officer
    Robinson, Tina Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Held Comment
    ZFL2
  • 42 07/28/2021 Financial Declaration of Petitioner View Document Financial Declaration of Petitioner
  • 43 07/28/2021 Assignment of Trial Date View Document Assignment of Trial Date Comment
    DECEMBER 7, 2021 AT 9AM
  • 07/28/2021 Settlement Conference Hearing Held
  • 44 09/27/2021 Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney View Document Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney
  • 45 12/01/2021 Notice Withdraw and Substitution of Counsel View Document Notice Withdraw and Substitution of Counsel Comment
    SUBSTITUTING ATTORNEY: KATE MOGLIA
  • 46 12/03/2021 Order of Continuance View Document Order of Continuance Judicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D Comment
    AGREED; TRIAL 3/29/22 AT 9AM
  • 47 12/13/2021 Ex Parte Original Type
    Ex ParteView Document Paternity Judicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D Hearing Time
    8:30 AM Result
    Held Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S
  • 48 12/13/2021 Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause View Document Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D Comment
    12/28/21 AT 9AM – PARENTAGE – RESTRAINTS
  • 12/13/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D
  • 49 12/13/2021 Motion Hearing View Document PaternityJudicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D Comment
    COURT GRANTS JOINT DECISION MAKING, DISCLOSURE OF MED RECORDS, AND VISITS AT HOSPITAL; 12/28/21 @ 9:00 AM
  • 50 12/13/2021 Email View Document Email Comment
    CLERK TO KCSO
  • 51 12/13/2021 Mot Declr for Ex Parte Restraining Order Order to Show Cause View Document Mot Declr for Ex Parte Restraining Order Order to Show Cause
  • 52 12/13/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    IN SUPPORT OF RESTRAINING ORDER
  • 12/13/2021 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 53 12/14/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 12/28/2021 Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Calendar Conflict Comment
    RESTRAINTS
  • 12/29/2021 Ex Parte Original Type
    Ex Parte Judicial Officer
    Bassett, Jeffrey P Hearing Time
    8:30 AM Result
    Held
  • 54 12/29/2021 Return of Service View Document Return of Service Comment
    KCSO
  • 55 12/29/2021 Extension of Immediate Restraining Order and Hearing Notice View Document Extension of Immediate Restraining Order and Hearing Notice Judicial Officer
    Bassett, Jeffrey P Comment
    1/4/22 AT 9AM – PARENTAGE – RESTRAINTS
  • 01/04/2022 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Continued Comment
    RESTRAINTS Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S
  • 56 01/04/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    MATTER CONT’D / ORDER SIGNED
  • 57 01/04/2022 Extension of Immediate Restraining Order and Hearing Notice View Document Extension of Immediate Restraining Order and Hearing Notice Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    1/18/22 AT 9AM – PARENTAGE – RESTRAINTS
  • 58 01/06/2022 Return of Service View Document Return of Service Comment
    KCSO 1/5/22
  • 01/18/2022 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    RESTRAINTS Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S
  • 59 01/18/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    RESTRAINTS DENIED
  • 60 01/18/2022 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 61 02/01/2022 Motion Appointing Guardian Ad Litem View Document Motion Appointing Guardian Ad Litem
  • 62 02/01/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO APPOINT GAL
  • 02/01/2022 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 63 02/01/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing Comment
    2/15/22 AT 9AM – PARENTAGE – MOTION TO APPOINT GAL
  • 64 02/01/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing Comment
    2/18/22 AT 1:30PM – DEPARTMENTAL MLC – PRESENTATION OF ORDER
  • 65 02/03/2022 Motion for Temporary Order View Document Motion for Temporary Order
  • 66 02/03/2022 Motion for Temporary Order View Document Motion for Temporary Order
  • 67 02/03/2022 Child Support Worksheet Proposed View Document Child Support Worksheet Proposed
  • 68 02/03/2022 Financial Declaration of Respondent View Document Financial Declaration of Respondent
  • 69 02/03/2022 Note for Motion Docket View Document Note for Motion Docket Comment
    2/22/22 @ 9:00 PARENTAGE – TEMP ORDER
  • 70 02/08/2022 Objection Opposition View Document Objection Opposition Comment
    TO PROPOSED ORDER
  • 71 02/08/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    RESPONSIVE TO MOTION TO APPOINT GAL
  • 72 02/11/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing Comment
    2/28/22 @ 9:00 SPECIAL SET – MOTION TO APPOINT GAL
  • 02/15/2022 Motion Hearing Original Type
    Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Stricken Comment
    TO APPOINT GAL
  • 02/15/2022 Hearing Stricken Not Confirmed and Not Heard
  • 73 02/17/2022 Child Support Worksheet Proposed View Document Child Support Worksheet Proposed
  • 74 02/17/2022 Financial Declaration of Petitioner View Document Financial Declaration of Petitioner
  • 02/17/2022 Sealed Financial Source Documents
  • 75 02/17/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    RESPONSIVE RE: MOTION FOR TEMP ORDER
  • 02/18/2022 Presentation of Order Original Type
    Presentation of Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Held
  • 76 02/18/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 77 02/18/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    COURT GRANTS / SIGNS AGREED ORDER
  • 78 02/18/2022 Temporary Family Law Order View Document Temporary Family Law Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L
  • 02/22/2022 Temporary Order Original Type
    Temporary Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties PresentPetitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 79 02/22/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    MOTION GRANTED / ORAL RULING
  • 02/28/2022 Motion Hearing Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Stricken Comment
    MOTION TO APPT GAL
  • 80 02/28/2022 Motion for Revision View Document Motion for Revision
  • 81 02/28/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing Comment
    3/18/22 @ 2:30 DOM PRES – REVISION
  • 82 03/03/2022 Order Appointing Guardian Ad Litem View Document Order Appointing Guardian Ad Litem Judicial Officer
    Hull, Kevin D
  • 03/18/2022 Revision Judicial Officer
    Olsen, Sally F Hearing Time
    2:30 PM
  • 83 04/21/2022 Notice of Absence Unavailability View Document Notice of Absence Unavailability
  • 84 04/22/2022 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw
  • 85 04/22/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 86 05/03/2022 Copy View Document Copy Comment
    OF EMAILS RE AGREEMENT
  • 87 05/03/2022 Note for Motion Docket View Document Note for Motion Docket Comment
    5/20/22 AT 1:30 W/ MLC – PRESENTATION OF ORDERS
  • 88 05/03/2022 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 89 05/10/2022 Motion View Document Motion Comment
    FOR ATTORNEY WITHDRAW
  • 90 05/10/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing Comment
    05/24/2022 @ 9AM
  • 05/20/2022 Presentation of Order Original Type
    Presentation of Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Continued Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 91 05/20/2022 Request for Continuance View Document Request for Continuance Comment
    & MEMORANDUM OF OBJECTION
  • 92 05/20/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    COURT CONTINUES HEARING; 5/24/2022 @ 9:00 AM
  • 05/24/2022 Approve Petition Original Type
    Approve Petition Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    / PRESENTATION (CONTINUED FROM 5/20/2022) Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F Guardian ad Litem: RYDER, MICHELLE
  • 93 05/24/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L Comment
    COURT GRANTS MOTION AND SIGNS ORDER
  • 94 05/24/2022 Temporary Order of Child Support View Document Temporary Order of Child Support Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L
  • 95 05/24/2022 Temporary Family Law Order View Document Temporary Family Law Order Judicial Officer
    Clucas, Matthew L
  • 96 06/03/2022 Motion for Revision View Document Motion for Revision
  • 97 06/03/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 06/03/2022 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 98 06/06/2022 Note for Motion Docket View Document Note for Motion Docket Comment
    6/24/22 AT 2:30PM – DOMESTIC PRESIDING – MOTION FOR REVISION
  • 06/07/2022 Non-Jury Trial Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Duplicate Hearing Comment
    SC TRR – 2 DAYS – WILL BE MOTION TO CONTINUE – NO GAL REPORT YET
  • 06/07/2022 Non-Jury Trial Original Type
    Non-Jury Trial Judicial Officer
    Houser, William C Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Continued Comment
    SC TRR – 2 DAYS – WILL BE RESET – NO GAL REPORT YET Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S
  • 99 06/07/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Houser, William C Comment
    COURT CONT TRIAL 08/16/22; TO BE SET THROUGH SCHEDULER
  • 100 06/07/2022 Assignment of Trial Date View Document Assignment of Trial Date Comment
    8/16/22 AT 9AM – 2 DAY TRIAL
  • 101 06/07/2022 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw
  • 102 06/09/2022 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 103 06/09/2022 Affidavit of Mailing View Document Affidavit of Mailing
  • 104 06/13/2022 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 105 06/23/2022 Memorandum View Document Memorandum Comment
    IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER UNOPPOSED MOTION FOR REVISION
  • 06/23/2022 Sealed Personal Health Care Records Cover Sheet
  • 06/24/2022 Revision Original Type
    Revision Judicial Officer
    Olsen, Sally F Hearing Time
    2:30 PM Result
    HeldParties PresentPetitioner (WIP): GOODMAN, MATTHEW S Respondent (WIP): BRYANT, JULIA F
  • 106 06/24/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Olsen, Sally F Comment
    MATTER TAKEN UNDER ADVISEMENT
  • 08/16/2022 Non-Jury Trial Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Comment
    SC TRR – 2 DAYS
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22-2-00076-23 Joseph A Shelton et al vs Brian Null et al

Case Information

22-2-00076-23 | JOSEPH A SHELTON et al vs BRIAN NULL et al

Case Number
22-2-00076-23

Court
Mason

File Date
02/17/2022

Case Type
INJ Injunction

Case Status
Active

Party

Plaintiff
SHELTON, JOSEPH A

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyNichols, Julie Sund

Retained


Plaintiff
SHELTON, SHAWNA

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyNichols, Julie Sund

Retained


Defendant
NULL, BRIAN


Defendant
NULL, JANE DOE

Defendant
AND ANY OTHER OCCUPANTS

Events and Hearings

  • 1 02/17/2022 Case Information Cover Sheet View Document Case Information Cover Sheet
  • 2 02/17/2022 Summons View Document Summons
  • 3 02/17/2022 Complaint View Document Complaint
  • 4 02/17/2022 Motion View Document Motion Comment
    for Preliminary Injunctive Relief and Memorandum of Law
  • 5 02/17/2022 Proposed Order Findings View Document Proposed Order Findings Comment
    Preliminary Injunction
  • 6 02/17/2022 Motion for Order to Show Cause View Document Motion for Order to Show Cause
  • 7 02/17/2022 Order to Show Cause View Document Order to Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    Preliminary injunctive relief
  • 8 02/17/2022 Notice of Issue View Document Notice of Issue
  • 9 02/17/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion HearingJudicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 10 02/24/2022 Motion for Order to Show Cause View Document Motion for Order to Show Cause Comment
    AMENDED
  • 11 02/24/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing
  • 12 02/24/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 13 02/25/2022 Order to Show Cause View Document Order to Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    AMENDED -Preliminary injunctive relief
  • 14 02/28/2022 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Stricken
  • 02/28/2022 Show Cause Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel LHearing Time
    1:30 PM Cancel Reason
    Clerical Error
  • 15 02/28/2022 Hearing Stricken In Court Other Reason View Document Mason Minutes
  • 16 03/02/2022 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 17 03/07/2022 Show Cause Original Type
    Show Cause View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    1:15 PM Result
    Held Parties Present Plaintiff Attorney: Nichols, Julie Sund, Plaintiff Attorney: Nichols, Julie Sund
  • 18 03/07/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 19 03/07/2022 Order Granting Motion Petition View Document Order Granting Motion Petition Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    FOR PRELIMINARY INJUCTIVE RELIEF
  • 20 03/09/2022 Writ View Document Writ Comment
    OF ASSISTANCE
  • 21 03/11/2022 Motion and Affidavit Declaration View Document Motion and Affidavit Declaration
  • 22 03/11/2022 Order Denying Motion Petition View Document Order Denying Motion Petition Judicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine
  • 23 03/11/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing
  • 24 03/14/2022 Motion and Affidavit Declaration View Document Motion and Affidavit Declaration Comment
    stay on writ Document has been cut and taped
  • 25 03/14/2022 Order Granting Motion Petition View Document Order Granting Motion PetitionJudicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L Comment
    For Stay on the Writ of Assistance
  • 26 03/14/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L
  • 27 03/23/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration AffidavitComment
    Stephen Whitehouse
  • 28 03/23/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 29 03/28/2022 Motion Hearing Original Type
    Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    HeldParties PresentPlaintiffAttorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Plaintiff Attorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Defendant: NULL, BRIAN
  • 30 03/28/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 31 03/28/2022 Order of Continuance View Document Order of Continuance Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 32 03/31/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 33 04/04/2022 Motion Hearing Original Type
    Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    HeldParties PresentPlaintiffAttorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Plaintiff Attorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Defendant: NULL, BRIAN
  • 34 04/04/2022 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 35 04/04/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of HearingComment
    presentation of Orders
  • 36 04/04/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 37 04/11/2022 Presentation of Order Original Type
    Presentation of Order View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Held
  • 38 04/11/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 39 04/12/2022 Order Authorizing View Document Order AuthorizingJudicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    LIFTING STAY PARTIALLY AND AMENDING ORDER FROM 3-7-22
  • 40 04/14/2022 Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney View Document Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney
  • 41 05/04/2022 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing
  • 42 05/04/2022 Motion for Summary Judgment View Document Motion for Summary Judgment
  • 43 05/04/2022 Declaration of Mailing View Document Declaration of Mailing
  • 44 06/06/2022 Summary Judgment Original Type
    Summary Judgment View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D Hearing Time
    1:30 PMResult
    Held Comment
    Tammy with Whitehouse Case called on 6/1/2022 at 11:00 AM – SL Parties PresentPlaintiffAttorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Plaintiff Attorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Defendant: NULL, BRIAN
  • 45 06/06/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Mason MinutesJudicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 46 06/06/2022 Order of Continuance View Document Order of Continuance Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 47 06/10/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 48 06/10/2022 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 49 06/13/2022 Motion Hearing Original Type
    Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D Hearing Time
    1:30 PMResult
    Held Comment
    Tami w/ Whitehouse & Nichols called to confirm on 6/8/22 at 9:02 AM – SLParties PresentPlaintiffAttorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Plaintiff Attorney: Nichols, Julie Sund Defendant: NULL, BRIAN
  • 50 06/13/2022 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D

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Blastocystis Hominis

and Blastocystis hominis, and helminths, mostly Anisakis simplex, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Toxocara canis.

From: Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences, 2021

Intestinal Protozoa

Mark Feldman MD, in Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 2021

Blastocystis hominis

B. hominis is an intestinal protozoan that commonly infects the human colon. After many years of confusion regarding its taxonomy,Blastocystis is now recognized as a stramenopile, which is one of the major groups of eukaryotes and includes brown algae, diatoms, water molds, etc.139 To date, only one other stramenopile (i.e.,Pythium) is known to infect humans. Diameter ranges from 3 to 30 μm. In culture,B. hominis has ameboid, vacuolated, granular,65 and cystic forms. The distribution ofB. hominis is worldwide, but infection is most common in the tropics.81 In a large study of intestinal parasitism in the USA,B. hominis was identified in 2.6% of stool specimens submitted to state health departments; more than 70% of positive samples were from California.85 Among American travelers and expatriates, the prevalence often exceeds 30%.81

The significance ofB. hominis as a pathogen remains controversial. Several studies have suggested an association with IBS, but neither cause nor effect has been established, and in most series,B. hominis infection is not more common among patients with GI complaints than among asymptomatic control subjects.81 Interestingly, there is tremendous genetic heterogeneity amongB. hominis isolates, which may explain the apparent differences in clinical manifestations of infection.139 Multiple studies have used metronidazole (750 mg orally 3 times a day for 10 days) or iodoquinol (650 mg orally 3 times a day for 20 days) for treatment of symptomatic patients, with an overall improvement rate of about 50%.80 Clinical improvement in some patients may relate to treatment of more virulent isolates, but it may also be a result of treatment of unrecognized infections with other organisms, because many people infected withB. hominis simultaneously harbor known pathogens.128 In one series of patients withB. hominis infection, 84% of patients were found to have at least one recognized pathogen other thanB. hominis (E. histolytica,G. intestinalis, orD. fragilis) when repeated stool examinations were obtained.128

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Amebiasis, Giardiasis, and Other Intestinal Protozoan Infections

Abinash Virk, in The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual (Fifth Edition), 2017

Blastocystis hominis

Blastocystis hominis is a common stool commensal (up to 19% of normal controls in the United States are colonized). There is evidence that heavy infestations may be associated with cramps, vomiting, dehydration, abdominal pain, sleeplessness, nausea, weight loss, lassitude, dizziness, flatus, anorexia, pruritus, and tenesmus.

B. hominis infections in primates have been cured with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In vitro susceptibility tests show that the following drugs may be effective, in descending order: emetinemetronidazolenitazoxanidefurazolidone, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, iodochlorhydroxyquin (Entero-Vioform), and pentamidineChloroquine and iodoquinol have also been reported as effective treatments.

The role of B. hominis as a human pathogen is still controversial. Some published reports, based on clinical and laboratory studies, have suggested that when B. hominis-associated diarrhea appears to respond to therapy, improvement may, in fact, be due to some other undetected organism that is actually causing the problem.

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Amebiasis, Giardiasis, and Other Intestinal Protozoan Infections

Abinash Virk, in The Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual (Fifth Edition), 2017

Blastocystis hominis

Blastocystis hominis is a common stool commensal (up to 19% of normal controls in the United States are colonized). There is evidence that heavy infestations may be associated with cramps, vomiting, dehydration, abdominal pain, sleeplessness, nausea, weight loss, lassitude, dizziness, flatus, anorexia, pruritus, and tenesmus.

B. hominis infections in primates have been cured with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In vitro susceptibility tests show that the following drugs may be effective, in descending order: emetinemetronidazolenitazoxanidefurazolidone, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, iodochlorhydroxyquin (Entero-Vioform), and pentamidineChloroquine and iodoquinol have also been reported as effective treatments.

The role of B. hominis as a human pathogen is still controversial. Some published reports, based on clinical and laboratory studies, have suggested that when B. hominis-associated diarrhea appears to respond to therapy, improvement may, in fact, be due to some other undetected organism that is actually causing the problem.

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Other Intestinal Protozoa

Martin S. Wolfe, in Netter’s Infectious Diseases, 2012

Blastocystis Hominis

Blastocystis hominis is a common inhabitant of the human intestinal tract. For many years it was regarded as a harmless yeast, but it is now considered by most to be a protozoan. The potential for B. hominis as a pathogen is a subject of debate. Reported symptoms associated with heavy B. hominis infection in the absence of other recognized pathogenic organisms include mild diarrhea, nausea, anorexia, and fatigue. It remains uncertain whether B. hominis itself is the cause of symptoms or if it is only a marker of some other unidentified pathogen. Markell and Udkow have given an interesting and compelling perspective to this controversy. In 32 symptomatic subjects initially found with B. hominis alone or in combination with nonpathogenic protozoa, an additional series of stool specimens (up to six) were rigorously examined. In 27 of those 32 patients, at least one known pathogenic protozoa in addition to B. hominis was found. B. hominis persisted, but symptoms improved in all 27 patients treated specifically for these other pathogenic protozoa. It was concluded that B. hominis is not a pathogen, that treatment with common antiprotozoal drugs may not eliminate it from the stool, and that “symptomatic blastocystosis” was attributable to either an undetected parasite or parasites in some patients or functional bowel problems in others.

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Protozoa

Lynne S. Garcia, in Infectious Diseases (Fourth Edition), 2017

Blastocystis Species

Blastocystis spp. (formerly Blastocystis hominis) are transmitted via the fecal–oral route through contaminated food or water; the cysts survive in water for up to 19 days at normal temperatures.2,8 Although other modes of transmission are not defined, the incidence and apparent worldwide distribution suggest the traditional route of infection. When genotypic results from animal isolates were compared with the diversity of genotypes of human Blastocystis spp. isolates, the human isolates were defined as the same as the subtypes of the pet isolates, as well as the tapwater isolates. Thus, the possibility of zoonotic transmission appears to be very likely.9

There are a number of different subtypes/strains/species included in this complex, some of which are considered pathogenic and some are nonpathogenic. Prevention would involve improved personal hygiene and sanitary conditions.

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Miscellaneous Intestinal Protozoa

Lynne S Garcia, in Hunter’s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Disease (Ninth Edition), 2013

Epidemiology

Blastocystis hominis is found worldwide with a prevalence in some studies as high as 58% and generally exceeds that of other organisms; even 15% of stool submitted in the USA for O&P examination may be positive. Fecal-oral transmission is postulated. Studies suggest the existence of numerous zoonotic isolates with frequent animal-to-human and human-to-animal transmission and of a large potential reservoir in animals for infections in humans. The pathogenicity of B. hominis has long been controversial. Several case-control analyses show no increase in prevalence in patients with diarrhea, with high carriage rates in asymptomatic individuals. Many patients infected with Blastocystis also carry other pathogens; endoscopic studies have not found intestinal pathology, thus causality can be difficult to discern.View chapterPurchase book

Blastocystis hominis and Blastocystis spp. Infection

James D. Cherry MD, MSc, in Feigin and Cherry’s Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2019

Treatment

Given the controversy surrounding the pathogenicity ofB. hominis, a prudent approach is to refrain from treating asymptomatic immunocompetent persons.21 In patients who have gastrointestinal illness, including IBS, and in whom other pathogens have been excluded, administering a course of antiprotozoal chemotherapy may be reasonable. The results of several drug studies, including three that were placebo controlled, indicate that therapeutic improvements with parasite clearance in symptomatic patients were noted with the use of metronidazole (15–30 mg/kg per day for 7 to 10 days), nitazoxanide (200 mg twice daily for children 4–11 years old and 100 mg twice daily for children 1–3 years old for 3 days), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (6 mg/kg trimethoprim and 30 mg/kg sulfamethoxazole daily in two equal doses for 7 days in children; 320 mg trimethoprim and 1600 mg sulfamethoxazole daily in two equal doses for 7 days in adults).22,38 However, because these drugs are broad spectrum, it is possible that clinical improvement may have been a consequence of treating an unidentified enteric pathogen.38 To date, the scientific community has been unable to fulfill the Koch postulates for members of the genusBlastocystis.38 Some investigators have reported symptomatic improvement in patients receiving either metronidazole or tinidazole.5,11

Using an in vitro assay that used metabolic labeling, researchers found that the drugs emetine, satranidazole, furazolidone, and quinacrine were superior in activity to either metronidazole or tinidazole.5 These authors cautioned, however, that the in vitro assay does not take into account the pharmacokinetic properties of the drugs. More recent in vitro testing of ST1, ST3, ST4, and ST8 found thatB. hominis exhibits minimal sensitivity to metronidazole, paromomycin, and triple therapy consisting of furazolidone, nitazoxanide, and secnidazole; however, sensitivity to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ivermectin was observed.31 A clinical pilot study from Australia reported on the efficacy of triple antibiotic therapy in 10 adult patients withBlastocystis-positive IBS.23 The three-drug (or drug combination) regimen comprised diloxanide furoate, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and secnidazole for 14 days, and it was shown to clearBlastocystis infection in 60% of patients, but with inconclusive effects on IBS in this small pilot study, such that larger studies may be required.23 Ultimately, additional studies that examine drug sensitivities of differentBlastocystis subtypes may help clarify this situation, but for now the status of treating humanBlastocystis infection remains controversial.35

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Clinical Presentation and Management of Travelers’ Diarrhea

Thomas Löscher, Martin Alberer, in Travel Medicine (Third Edition), 2013

Other Parasitic Agents

Blastocystis hominis is a protozoon of controversial clinical significance, and probably the most common intestinal parasite of man. In various studies it has been found more frequently in stool samples of patients with TD than in healthy controls. It is hypothesized that the development of diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms is associated with certain subtypes.32 Diagnosis is usually readily available by microscopy; subtypes can be determined by genotyping.

Microsporidia have occasionally been found as a cause of TD.33 Even after treatment and resolution of diarrhea, microsporidia may be found in stool. Persistent diarrhea is seen preferably in immunocompromised patients. Diagnosis is made by stool microscopy using specific staining methods or by more sensitive tests, such as PCR.

Helminthic parasites are not a cause of typical TD, but diarrhea may be a symptom of various helminth infections, such as strongyloidiasistrichuriasisfasciolopsiasis, intestinal schistosomiasis or trichinellosis. Blood eosinophilia is frequently present. Diagnosis by parasitological stool investigations can be difficult in travelers, as parasite burdens are usually low. Then, serology and new PCR methods may be helpful.

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Blood and Tissue Protistans III

Burton J. Bogitsh, … Thomas N. Oeltmann, in Human Parasitology (Fifth Edition), 2019

Blastocystis Hominis

Blastocystis hominis is an enteric parasite of humans and a wide variety of animals. Its geographic range is global and the organism has been known since the early part of the 20th century. It is the causative agent of traveler’s diarrhea, rectal bleeding, fever, and irritable bowel syndrome. The taxonomic status of the organism is still questionable, but based on information derived from sequencing studies from multiple conserved genes, it is considered a polymorphic protozoan in the stramenopile group of protists. Its life cycle includes four stages, a vacuolated stage, most commonly found in stool samples, amoeboid, precystic, and cystic stages. The amoeboid stage reproduces by binary fission, while the cystic stages are considered, by many, the transmissible stages. The cystic stage comprises thin-walled and thick-walled types with the former probably being the autoinfective stage and the latter’s role being that of external transmission. B. hominis displays extreme genetic diversity. The forms that are infective to humans can be assigned to at least seven zoonotic subtypes based on their genotypes. It is now believed that such genetic diversity is indicative of the pathogenic and non-pathogenic nature of the organism. While no treatment is indicated, metronidazole has proven effective in a number of clinical cases.

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Host Immune Responses Against Intestinal Unicellular Parasites and Their Role in Pathogenesis and Protection

Raúl Argüello-GarcíaJulio César CarreroGuadalupe Ortega-Pierres, in Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences, 2020

Subtypes, pathogenicity, immune response and immunomodulation

This microorganism was historically referred as Blastocystis hominis when isolated from humans, but humans can be infected with other species (e.g., B. ratti). Molecular studies using the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (SSU) revealed at least 17 Blastocystis subtypes (STs), all of which are morphologically similar but genetically distinct (Alfellani et al., 2013; Stensvold et al., 2007). Thereafter, the designation “Blastocystis spp. STnn” covers all subtypes, of which ST1 to ST9 and ST12 have been detected in humans, and ST1 to ST4 are involved in 90% of human cases (Stensvold and Clark, 2016). Further, subtypes ST18 to ST26 have been proposed to infect humans, but this finding is still controversial (Maloney et al., 2019; Stensvold and Clark, 2020).

To date, there is no proven relationship between Blastocystis STs and virulence, although there appears to be an association. However, key processes involved in intestinal pathogenicity have been identified. In vitro interaction experiments have shown that Blastocystis is able to (a) attach intestinal mucin; (b) promote tight junction alteration mediated by Rho/ROCK, which, in turn, disrupts epithelial barrier function, hence increasing permeability; (c) NF-κB-mediated secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (GM-CSF, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α) (Fig. 4A); and (d) enterocyte apoptosis by contact-independent, caspase 3-dependent mechanisms (Lim et al., 2014; Puthia et al., 2006) (Fig. 4B). The high genetic variability among Blastocystis isolates is a major contributing factor, not only to explain the distinct inter-ST and intra-ST abilities to induce the alterations mentioned above (Gentekaki et al., 2017; Wu et al., 2014), but also to define likely virulence factors and immune evasion mechanisms used by this parasite.

Fig. 4

In spite of the non-invasive nature and controvert pathogenicity of Blastocystis spp., local-intestinal and systemic immune responses have been observed, but are somewhat conflicting. In symptomatic humans, higher levels of serum IgG have been found than in asymptomatic individuals, with variable levels of IgA in serum (Mahmoud and Saleh, 2003; Zierdt et al., 1995). On the other hand, mucosal antibody response in the intestine, mediated by secretory IgA (Fig. 4C), seems to be associated with latent infection, because this isotype is more abundant both in symptomatic patients and in immunized BALB/c mice, acting as a first-line defense against attachment and invasiveness by Blastocystis (Mahmoud and Saleh, 2003; Santos and Rivera, 2009). Further, in pigs, where ST1, ST3 and mainly ST5 predominate, a study testing IgA by immunoblot in 233 fecal samples from asymptomatic, PCR-positive pigs revealed 81% reactivity against different protein bands of a Blastocystis extract from isolate WR-1 (ST4), particularly against a 250 kDa component (Wang et al., 2014). In this context, recent experiments have identified an important role for secreted proteases as major candidate for virulence factors based on their ability to degrade secreted antibodies, disrupt epithelial barrier function and promote the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (Ajjampur and Tan, 2016; Nourrisson et al., 2016). Particularly cysteine proteases of Blastocystis from symptomatic human cases displayed a higher enzyme activity than those from asymptomatic carriers (Mirza and Tan, 2009). Indeed, secretory dimeric IgA was degraded by cellular and secretory Blastocystis proteases of the cysteine (isolate B, ST7) and a aspartic protease (isolate WR-1, ST4) (Puthia et al., 2005). Interestingly, a variant repertoire and activity of cysteine proteases within and among STs have been reported (Gentekaki et al., 2017; Mirza and Tan, 2009), supporting the notion of variability in pathogenicity and in immune evasion ability among STs.

NO is an important component of the innate immune system, which is produced in large quantities from l-arginine through the activation of NOSII, and is a free radical causing nitrosative stress-mediated death in microbial pathogens. In Blastocystis, necrosis as well as apoptosis-like processes might be induced by NO (Eida et al., 2008; Mirza et al., 2011b) (Fig. 4D). Interestingly, Blastocystis isolate B (ST7) is more prone to apoptosis (i.e., more susceptible to NO) than isolate WR-1 (ST4) (Eida et al., 2008); nevertheless, the ST7 isolate is able to downregulate NOSII mRNA levels in colonic epithelial cell monolayers (CaCo-2) (Mirza et al., 2011b). Although the ST7 isolate contains much higher arginase activity than ST4 isolate, this feature is thought to be secondary to the decrease in NOSII expression in evasion (Mirza et al., 2011a).

Cellular immune response elicited by Blastocystis spp. has been studied in vitro and in vivo. The ability of this parasite to disrupt intestinal barrier integrity allows its secreted antigens to cross epithelium and reach the lamina propria, thus reaching effector cells. In this context, cysteine proteases released by Blastocystis negatively affect enterocyte junctions through Rho kinase activation, F-actin rearrangement and ZO-1 distribution increasing epithelial permeability (Mirza et al., 2012; Puthia et al., 2006). Experimental infections with cysts in BALB/c mice (human isolate) and rats (isolate RN94-9, ST4) showed, by histological examination, an intense infiltration of pro-inflammatory cells in colonic and caecal mucosa, with a moderate increase in goblet cell numbers (Iguchi et al., 2009; Moe et al., 1997). This recruitment is, in part, mediated by soluble mediators acting on inducing granulocytes/macrophages (GM-CSF) and neutrophil recruitment (IL-8), both released by colonic epithelial cell lines (HT-29 and T84) in response to infection by Blastocystis (Long et al., 2001). Regarding mucus production by goblet cells that alleviate colitis-induced symptoms, this production is triggered via IL-22 from CD4 + cells (Leung et al., 2014). In addition, macrophages initially resident in the lamina propria or recruited to the inflamed bowel may be induced by serine proteases from Blastocystis, which may activate protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2), which, in turn, triggers mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways involving ERK1/2 and JNK, thereby promoting the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines as IL-1β, IL-6 and TNFα (Lim et al., 2014) (Fig. 4E). Interestingly, this response was found to be more intense when macrophages and even mice with colitis or mouse colon explants were exposed to lysates from isolate B (ST7) as compared with isolate WR-1 (ST4), indicating a differential pro-inflammatory potential among STs (Lim et al., 2014). Further, some IBS cases with concomitant Blastocystis infection are refractory to metronidazole treatment, as parasite isolates (e.g., isolate B) display resistance to this drug (Mirza et al., 2011a). Moreover, isolate B has a higher virulence-arsenal than isolate WR-1, as it contains more cysteine and serine proteases, and arginase activities that appear to explain isolate B’s higher IgA degradation capacity, higher phosphorylation of MAPKs leading to higher pro-inflammatory responses and lower NO production in host cells to allow parasite survival.

The relationship between cellular immune responses to Blastocystis and development of intestinal inflammation, i.e., IBS/IBD, is unclear, but there are significant insights into the activation of the immune response, loss of tolerance to the parasite and immunosuppression (Kaser et al., 2010; Strober et al., 2002). In IBS patients with concomitant Blastocystis infection, lower levels of CD3 + and CD4 + cells and CD4 +/CD8 + ratios were observed (Wang et al., 2002) (Fig. 4F). In the same context, IBS patients infected with subtypes ST1 or ST3 produced higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines as IL-8, IL-12 and TNFα compared to patients with only IBS (Yakoob et al., 2014) (Fig. 4G). In addition, Blastocystis carriers harbouring polymorphisms in the alleles of pro-inflammatory IL-8 + 396 (GG) and anti-inflammatory IL-10-592 (C) cytokines were at significant risk of developing IBS (Olivo-Diaz et al., 2012) (Fig. 4H).

Besides pro-inflammatory cytokines, there is limited information regarding other soluble parasite mediators. Interestingly, colorectal cancer cell line HCT116 exposed to antigen extracts of Blastocystis from symptomatic patients significantly up-regulated transcription factor NF-κB, Th-1 (IFN-γ and TNFα) and Th-2 (IL-6, IL-8 and TGFβ) mRNA responses with dominance of Th-2 pattern in comparison with the same cells exposed to extracts from asymptomatic patients (Chan et al., 2012). Considering this aspect, a comparison among subtypes ST1 to ST5 showed that ST3 evoked a higher up-regulation of Th-2 cytokines, particularly TGFβ (Kumarasamy et al., 2013). Altogether, these observations provide evidence of host immunomodulation induced by this parasite.

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21-3-00272-23 Rachel A Ferrand vs Edward Scott Reed

Case Information

21-3-00272-23 | RACHEL A FERRAND vs EDWARD SCOTT REED
Case Number
21-3-00272-23

Court
Mason

File Date
11/30/2021

Case Type
PPS Parenting Plan/Child Support

Case Status
Active

Party

Respondent (WIP)
REED, EDWARD SCOTT

DOB
XX/XX/1974

Active Attorneys
Lead Attorney PESICKA, RYAN MATTHEW

Retained

Petitioner (WIP)
FERRAND, RACHEL A

DOB
XX/XX/1992

Petitioner (WIP)
ST OF WASH, MASON CO PROSECUTOR

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyWilcox, Bailey James

Retained

Minor (WIP)
REED, LEON JAYMZ

DOB
XX/XX/2014

Events and Hearings

  • 1 11/30/2021 Motion for Waiver of Fees View Document Motion for Waiver of Fees
  • 2 11/30/2021 Order to Proceed In Forma Pauperis View Document Order to Proceed In Forma Pauperis Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 3 11/30/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D Comment
    Ex Parte
  • 11/30/2021 Confidential Information Form
  • 4 11/30/2021 Summons View Document Summons
  • 5 11/30/2021 Petition for a Parenting Plan and or Child Support View Document Petition for a Parenting Plan and or Child Support
  • 6 /30/2021 Proposed Parenting Plan View Document Proposed Parenting Plan
  • 7 11/30/2021 Cover Sealed Birth Certificate or Paternity Document View Document Cover Sealed Birth Certificate or Paternity Document
  • 8 12/03/2021 Motion for Temporary Order View Document Motion for Temporary Order
  • 9 12/03/2021 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing
  • 10 12/06/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 11 12/09/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 12 12/09/2021 Response View Document Response
  • 13 12/10/2021 Order of Continuance View Document Order of Continuance Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 14 12/21/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 15 12/21/2021 Response View Document Response
  • 16 12/21/2021 Proposed Parenting Plan View Document Proposed Parenting Plan
  • 17 12/21/2021 Declaration in Supp of Parenting Plan View Document Declaration in Supp of Parenting Plan
  • 18 12/22/2021 Temporary Order Original Type
    Temporary Order View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Result
    Held Comment
    CONFIRMED via phone 12/14/2021 by Dennis Cygan. -BH Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): FERRAND, RACHEL A Respondent (WIP) Attorney: PESICKA, RYAN MATTHEW Petitioner (WIP) Attorney: Wilcox, Bailey James
  • 19 12/22/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine
  • 20 01/14/2022 Temporary Family Law Order View Document Temporary Family Law Order Judicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine
  • 01/14/2022 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine
  • 21 03/15/2022 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw
  • 22 04/15/2022 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance Comment
    Amended

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20-1-00456-23 State of WA vs Brandon Jon Harding

Brandon Jon Harding
Brandon Jon Harding
Tristina Harding
Tristina Harding

Case Information

20-1-00456-23 | STATE OF WASHINGTON vs BRANDON JON HARDING
Case Number
20-1-00456-23

Court
Mason

File Date
12/16/2020

Case Type
ADL Criminal Adult

Case Status
Completed/Re-Completed

Party

Plaintiff (Criminal)
STATE OF WASHINGTON

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyBickerton, Tyler Craig


Defendant (WIP)
HARDING, BRANDON JON

DOB
XX/XX/1994

Active Attorneys
Lead Attorney BRADSHAW, SUNSHINE MORNING

Retained


CHARGE

Charges
HARDING, BRANDON JON

  DescriptionStatuteLevelDate
1Rape 2nd Degree9A.44.050Felony A12/11/2020
2Assault 2nd Degree9A.36.021(1)Felony B12/11/2020
3Unlawful Imprisonment9A.40.040Felony C12/11/2020
4Harassment Previous Conviction/Threat to Kill/Criminal Justice Participant9A.46.020(2)(b)Felony C12/11/2020
5Firearm Possess Unlawful 2nd Degree Prev Conviction9.41.040(2)(a)(i)Felony C12/11/2020
6Firearm Possess Unlawful 2nd Degree Prev Conviction9.41.040(2)(a)(i)Felony C12/11/2020

Disposition Events

05/10/2021 Disposition

Judicial Officer
Cobb, Monty D

1Rape 2nd DegreeDismissed
2Assault 2nd DegreeDismissed
6Firearm Possess Unlawful 2nd Degree Prev ConvictionDismissed

04/26/2021 Disposition

Judicial Officer
Goodell, Daniel L

3Unlawful ImprisonmentGuilty-DV Element Pled and Proven
4Harassment Previous Conviction/Threat to Kill/Criminal Justice ParticipantGuilty-DV Element Pled and Proven
5Firearm Possess Unlawful 2nd Degree Prev ConvictionGuilty

05/11/2021 Felony Judgment and Sentence 

3Unlawful ImprisonmentFelony Judgment and Sentence
4Harassment Previous Conviction/Threat to Kill/Criminal Justice ParticipantFelony Judgment and Sentence
5Firearm Possess Unlawful 2nd Degree Prev ConvictionFelony Judgment and Sentence

Comment

Comment (COUNT III 9 MONTHS JAIL WITH 12 MONTHS COMMUNITY CUSTODY WITH CONDITIONS COUNT IV 9 MONTHS JAIL COUNT V 9 MONTHS JAIL; CREDIT FOR TIME SERVED NO CONTACT WITH TRISTIAN RAEMER HARDING FOR 5 YEARS)

Confinement

Type: Local Jail

Effective Date: 05/10/2021

Report Date: 05/10/2021

Term: 9 Months

Probation: 12 Months

Credit for Time Served Determined by Corrections

Restitution and Other Fees

Debtor: HARDING, BRANDON JON

Current Sentence Status:

Status: Active

Status Date: 05/10/2021

Signing Judge: Cobb, Monty D

Signed Date: 05/10/2021

Effective Date: 05/10/2021

Fees and Fines: $500.00


Events and Hearings

41 21.8.10 Hrg Strk NonApp 456
  • 12/14/2020 Preliminary Appearance Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber LHearing Time
    9:00 AMResult
    HeldComment
    ASSAULT 2, UNL IMPRSNMNT, FEL HRSMNT, UPF, RAPE 2 Parties PresentDefendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON
  • 1 12/14/2020 Affidavit of Probable Cause View Document Affidavit of Probable Cause
  • 12/14/2020 Findings of Indigency
  • 2 12/14/2020 Order Appointing Attorney View Document Order Appointing AttorneyJudicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L
  • 3 12/14/2020 Order Establishing Conditions of Release View Document Order Establishing Conditions of Release Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L Comment
    BAIL
  • 4 12/14/2020 No Contact Order View Document No Contact OrderJudicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty DComment
    PRE-CHARGE DV/TELEPHONIC
  • 5 12/14/2020 Preliminary Appearance View Document Preliminary Appearance
  • 6 12/15/2020 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 7 12/15/2020 Demand For View Document Demand ForComment
    DISCOVERY
  • 8 12/16/2020 Order Expending Public Funds View Document Order Expending Public FundsComment
    INVESTIGATOR $450 AUTHORIZED
  • 12/16/2020 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 9 12/16/2020 Information View Document InformationComment
    6 CTS
  • 12/28/2020 Arraignment Judicial Officer(s)
    Goodell, Daniel L, Cobb, Monty D Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties PresentPlaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTONDeputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig Defendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON
  • 10 12/28/2020 No Contact Order View Document Order for Sexual Assault Protection Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    Sexual Protection Order
  • 11 12/28/2020 Order Setting Trial Date View Document Order Setting Trial Date Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    FSD 3-12-21
  • 12 12/28/2020 Initial Arraignment View Document Initial Arraignment
  • 13 01/13/2021 Omnibus Application of Prosecuting Attorney View Document Omnibus Application of Prosecuting Attorney
  • 01/19/2021 Omnibus Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties PresentPlaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTONDeputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig Defendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON
  • 14 01/19/2021 Order Setting Trial Date View Document Order Setting Trial Date Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    4-19-21 FSD
  • 15 01/19/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing
  • 16 01/20/2021 Omnibus Order View Document Omnibus Order Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 01/20/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 02/01/2021 Pre-Trial Management Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Continuance
  • 17 02/01/2021 Motion and Affidavit Declaration View Document Motion and Affidavit Declaration Comment
    REDUCE BAIL
  • 18 02/01/2021 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of HearingComment
    MOTION TO REDUCE BAIL
  • 19 02/03/2021 Order Expending Public Funds View Document Order Expending Public Funds Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    INVESTIGATIVE SERVICES @$45 PER HR UP TO 10 HRS TOTAL OF $450.00
  • 02/03/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 02/08/2021 Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    REDUCE BAIL Parties Present Plaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTON Deputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler CraigDefendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON
  • 20 02/08/2021 Order Denying Motion Petition View Document Order Denying Motion Petition Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L Comment
    DEF’S MT TO MODIFY CONDITIONS
  • 21 02/08/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L
  • 02/16/2021 Jury Trial-12 Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Continuance
  • 02/16/2021 Trial Confirmation Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AMCancel Reason
    Continuance Comment
    TRIAL STATUS
  • 02/22/2021 Pre-Trial Management Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties PresentPlaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTON Deputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig
  • 22 02/22/2021 Sheriffs Return on Service View Document Sheriffs Return on ServiceComment
    subpoenas
  • 23 02/22/2021 Order to Appear for Pretrial Hrg Conf View Document Order to Appear for Pretrial Hrg Conf
  • 24 02/22/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing
  • 02/23/2021 Pre-Trial Management Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties PresentPlaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTON Deputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig Defendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON
  • 25 02/23/2021 Waiver of Speedy Trial View Document Waiver of Speedy Trial Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 26 02/23/2021 Order Setting Trial Date View Document Order Setting Trial Date Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    FSD 5-11-21
  • 27 02/23/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing
  • 28 03/05/2021 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw
  • 29 03/05/2021 Notice Withdraw and Substitution of Counsel View Document Notice Withdraw and Substitution of Counsel
  • 03/09/2021 Trial Confirmation Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Continuance Comment
    trial status
  • 03/09/2021 Jury Trial-12 Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Continuance
  • 04/12/2021 Pre-Trial Management Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties PresentPlaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTON Deputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig Defendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON Attorney: Bradshaw, Sunshine Morning
  • 30 04/12/2021 Order to Appear for Pretrial Hrg Conf View Document Order to Appear for Pretrial Hrg Conf Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    9:00 OR COP
  • 31 04/12/2021 Sheriffs Return of Service With Fees Assessed View Document Sheriffs Return of Service With Fees Assessed Comment
    SUBPOENAS
  • 32 04/12/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 04/26/2021 Change of Plea Original Type
    Change of Plea Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    OR PRETRIAL 9:00 Parties Present Plaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTON Deputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig Defendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON Attorney: Bradshaw, Sunshine Morning
  • 33 04/26/2021 Order for Hearing View Document Order for HearingJudicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Comment
    SENTENCING/NEEDS FIREARM WARNING
  • 34 04/26/2021 Statement of Defendant on Plea of Guilty View Document Statement of Defendant on Plea of Guilty Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L
  • 04/26/2021 Case Resolution Guilty Plea Before Trial Commencement
  • 35 04/26/2021 Guilty Plea Only Hearing View Document Guilty Plea Only Hearing
  • 04/27/2021 Trial Confirmation Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AMCancel Reason
    Plea Entered Comment
    TRIAL STATUS *COP SET FOR 4-26-21*
  • 04/27/2021 Jury Trial-12 Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Cancel Reason
    Plea Entered
  • 05/10/2021 Sentencing Hearing Original Type
    Sentencing Hearing Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    9:00 Parties Present Plaintiff (Criminal): STATE OF WASHINGTON Deputy Prosecuting Attorney: Bickerton, Tyler Craig Defendant (WIP): HARDING, BRANDON JON Attorney: Bradshaw, Sunshine Morning
  • 36 05/10/2021 No Contact Order View Document No Contact Order Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D Comment
    POST CONVICTION
  • 37 05/10/2021 Felony Judgment and Sentence View Document Felony Judgment and Sentence Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 38 05/10/2021 Sentencing Hearing View Document Sentencing Hearing
  • 39 08/03/2021 Motion View Document Motion Comment
    TO RESCIND NCO
  • 40 08/03/2021 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing
  • 08/10/2021 No Contact Order Original Type
    No Contact Order Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Stricken Comment
    VICTIM’S MT TO RESCIND
  • 41 08/10/2021 Hearing Stricken In Court NonAppearance View Document Hearing Stricken In Court NonAppearance

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21-3-00023-23 Tristina Harding v Brandon Jon Harding

Brandon Jon Harding dob: 2-24-1994

Case Information

21-3-00023-23 | TRISTINA HARDING vs BRANDON JON HARDING
Case Number
21-3-00023-23

Court
Mason

File Date
02/16/2021

Case Type
DIC Dissolution of Marriage with Children

Case Status
Active

Party

Respondent (WIP)
HARDING, BRANDON JON

DOB
XX/XX/1994

Petitioner (WIP)
HARDING, TRISTINA

DOB
XX/XX/1999

Minor (WIP)
HARDING, JOELENE

DOB
XX/XX/2017

Events and Hearings

  • 1 02/16/2021 Case Information Cover Sheet View Document Case Information Cover Sheet
  • 02/16/2021 Confidential Information Form
  • 2 02/16/2021 Summons View Document Summons
  • 3 02/16/2021 Petition for Dissolution View Document Petition for Dissolution
  • 4 02/16/2021 Proposed Parenting Plan View Document Proposed Parenting Plan
  • 02/16/2021 Cover Sealed Birth Certificate or Paternity Document
  • 5 02/16/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 6 02/16/2021 Declaration in Supp of Parenting Plan View Document Declaration in Supp of Parenting Plan
  • 7 02/24/2021 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 8 05/28/2021 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw

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21-2-00073-23 Tristina Harding v Brandon Jon Harding

Tristina Harding
Brandon Harding

Case Information

21-2-00073-23 | TRISTINA HARDING vs BRANDON JON HARDING

Case Number
21-2-00073-23

Court
Mason

File Date
02/16/2021

Case Type
DVP Domestic Violence

Case Status
Completed/Re-Completed

Party

Respondent (WIP)
HARDING, BRANDON JON

DOB
XX/XX/1994

Petitioner (WIP)
HARDING, TRISTINA

DOB
XX/XX/1999

Minor (WIP)
HARDING, JOELENE

DOB
XX/XX/2017

Events and Hearings

  • 02/16/2021 Confidential Information Form
  • 1 02/16/2021 Petition for Order for Protection View Document Petition for Order for Protection
  • 2 02/16/2021 Temporary Order for Protection View Document Temporary Order for Protection Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L
  • 3 02/16/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Finlay, Amber L
  • 4 02/17/2021 Transmittal on Copy of Order View Document Transmittal on Copy of Order
  • 5 02/19/2021 Return of Service View Document Return of Service
  • 6 02/26/2021 Domestic Violence View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Parties Present Petitioner (WIP): HARDING, TRISTINA
  • 7 02/26/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 8 02/26/2021 Order for Protection View Document Order for Protection Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 02/26/2021 Case Resolution Closed by Court Order After a Hearing
  • 9 02/26/2021 Transmittal on Copy of Order View Document Transmittal on Copy of Order
  • 10 03/01/2021 Order to Surrender Weapon CPL Restriction View Document Order to Surrender Weapon CPL Restriction Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 03/01/2021 Ex Parte Action With Order Judicial Officer
    Cobb, Monty D
  • 11 03/03/2021 Return of Service View Document Return of Service
  • 12 05/28/2021 Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney View Document Notice of Withdrawal of Attorney
  • 06/25/2021 Confidential Information Form
  • 13 06/25/2021 Motion and Affidavit Declaration View Document Motion and Affidavit Declaration
  • 14 06/25/2021 Order Modifying Terminating Terms of Protective Order View Document Order Modifying Terminating Terms of Protective OrderJudicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine
  • 15 06/25/2021 Motion Hearing View Document Motion HearingJudicial Officer
    Ferguson-Brown, Cadine
  • 16 06/25/2021 Transmittal on Copy of Order View Document Transmittal on Copy of Order

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20-3-00163-23 Robert Neil Jr Allred v Jenna Marie Kelly Allred

Case Information

20-3-00163-23 | ROBERT NEIL JR ALLRED vs JENNA MARIE KELLY ALLRED
Case Number
20-3-00163-23

Court
Mason

File Date
08/13/2020

Case Type
DIC Dissolution of Marriage with Children

Case Status
Active

Party

Respondent (WIP)
ALLRED, JENNA MARIE KELLY

DOB
XX/XX/1970

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyWAGNER, FORREST LEE

Retained


Petitioner (WIP)
ALLRED, ROBERT NEIL JR

DOB
XX/XX/1971

Active Attorneys
Lead AttorneyRawnsley, Patrick William

Retained


Minor (WIP)
ALLRED, ROBERT JOSEPH

DOB
XX/XX/2003


Minor (WIP)
Allred, Madeline Dawn

DOB
XX/XX/2005


Guardian ad Litem (Participant)
KOGUT, WILLIAM

Events and Hearings

  • 01 08/13/2020 Case Information Cover Sheet View Document Case Information Cover Sheet
  • 08/13/2020 Confidential Information Form
  • 1 08/13/2020 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 2 08/13/2020 Summons View Document Summons
  • 3 08/13/2020 Petition for Dissolution View Document Petition for Dissolution
  • 4 08/13/2020 Motion View Document Motion Comment
    & Aff TO DISQUALIFY JUDGE COBB
  • 08/31/2020 Confidential Information Form
  • 5 09/03/2020 Notice of Absence Unavailability View Document Notice of Absence Unavailability Comment
    RAWNSLEY 9/24/20-11/4/20
  • 6 09/14/2020 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 7 09/24/2020 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 8 10/02/2020 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 9 10/02/2020 Response View Document Response
  • 10 10/02/2020 Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service View Document Affidavit Declaration Certificate Confirmation of Service
  • 11 10/05/2020 Agreement View Document AgreementComment
    TO ACCEPT SERVICE VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL
  • 12 11/16/2020 Motion for Temporary Order View Document Motion for Temporary Order
  • 13 11/16/2020 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 14 11/16/2020 Proposed Parenting Plan View Document Proposed Parenting Plan
  • 15 11/16/2020 Financial Declaration View Document Financial Declaration
  • 11/16/2020 Sealed Financial Source Documents Comment
    PAY STUBS OR OTHER PROOF OF EARNINGS
  • 16 11/16/2020 Child Support Worksheet Proposed View Document Child Support Worksheet Proposed
  • 17 11/16/2020 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing Comment
    STRICKEN 11/17/20 VIA EMAIL
  • 18 11/17/2020 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing
  • 19 11/25/2020 Confirmation of Parenting Class View Document Confirmation of Parenting Class
  • 20 11/25/2020 Response View Document Response
  • 11/25/2020 Sealed Financial Source Documents Comment
    CC STATMENTS/CHECKS OR THE EQUIV
  • 11/25/2020 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    HEALTH
  • 11/25/2020 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    SUPERVISED VISIT NOTES
  • 21 11/25/2020 Financial Declaration View Document Financial Declaration
  • 22 11/25/2020 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 23 11/25/2020 Proposed Parenting Plan View Document Proposed Parenting Plan Comment
    1. IS LISTED AS ROBERT BUT 15. IS SIGNED BY JENNA
  • 24 11/25/2020 Child Support Worksheet Proposed View Document Child Support Worksheet Proposed
  • 25 11/30/2020 Attachment View Document AttachmentComment
    FROM DCLR OF JA ON 11/25/20
  • 26 12/01/2020 Reply View Document Reply
  • 12/01/2020 Sealed Financial Source Documents Comment
    WF JOINT BANK ACCOUNT
  • 12/01/2020 Sealed Financial Source Documents Comment
    WF BANK ACCOUNT RA
  • 27 12/02/2020 Temporary Order View Document Mason MinutesJudicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D Hearing Time
    1:30 PMResult
    ContinuedParties PresentPetitioner (WIP): ALLRED, ROBERT NEIL JRAttorney: Rawnsley, Patrick William Respondent (WIP): ALLRED, JENNA MARIE KELLY
  • 28 12/02/2020 Hearing Continued Unspecified View Document Mason MinutesComment
    Not confirmed
  • 29 12/07/2020 Temporary Order View Document Mason Minutes View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D Hearing Time
    1:00 PM Result
    HeldParties PresentPetitioner (WIP): ALLRED, ROBERT NEIL JR Attorney: Rawnsley, Patrick William Respondent (WIP): ALLRED, JENNA MARIE KELLY
  • 30 12/07/2020 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 31 12/16/2020 Presentation of Order View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D Hearing Time
    9:00 AM Result
    Held Comment
    SPECIAL SET AT 9:30 Parties Present Petitioner (WIP) Attorney: Rawnsley, Patrick William Respondent (WIP): ALLRED, JENNA MARIE KELLY
  • 32 12/16/2020 Motion Hearing View Document Mason Minutes Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 33 12/16/2020 Temporary Family Law Order View Document Temporary Family Law Order Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 34 12/16/2020 Notice View Document Notice
  • 35 12/16/2020 Order Appointing Guardian Ad Litem View Document Order Appointing Guardian Ad Litem Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D Comment
    WILLIAM KOGUT
  • 36 12/16/2020 Parenting Plan Temporary View Document Parenting Plan Temporary Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 37 12/16/2020 Temporary Order of Child Support View Document Temporary Order of Child Support Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 38 12/16/2020 Child Support Worksheet View Document Child Support Worksheet Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D
  • 02/03/2021 Review Hearing Judicial Officer
    Goodell, Daniel L Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Cancel Reason
    Clerical Error
  • 39 03/10/2021 Motion for Temporary Order View Document Motion for Temporary Order
  • 40 03/10/2021 Motion View Document Motion Comment
    FOR ORDER FOR ATTORNEY’S FEES
  • 41 03/10/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit Comment
    ATTORNEY’S FEES
  • 42 03/10/2021 Declaration Affidavit View Document Declaration Affidavit
  • 43 03/10/2021 Financial Declaration View Document Financial Declaration
  • 03/10/2021 Sealed Financial Source Documents
  • 03/10/2021 Sealed Financial Source Documents
  • 44 03/10/2021 Notice of Hearing View Document Notice of Hearing
  • 45 03/10/2021 Notice of Absence Unavailability View Document Notice of Absence Unavailability Comment
    THERESA PETREY 3/22/21 TO 4/09/21
  • 03/17/2021 Motion Hearing Judicial Officer
    Sauerlender, Robert D Hearing Time
    1:30 PM Cancel Reason
    Stricken Comment
    Motion for Temp Orders Motion for Fees
  • 46 04/26/2021 Notice of Intent to Withdraw View Document Notice of Intent to Withdraw
  • 05/03/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 05/03/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 47 05/17/2021 Notice of Appearance View Document Notice of Appearance
  • 48 05/17/2021 Certificate View Document Certificate Comment
    of Completion – Impact of Domestic Violence on Children
  • 05/17/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 06/14/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 06/21/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    Health Care
  • 07/02/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 10/08/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 11/12/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet
  • 12/13/2021 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    Domestic Violence – Treatment Report
  • 01/05/2022 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    Domestic Violence – Treatment Report
  • 02/07/2022 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    Domestic Violence – Treatment Report
  • 03/24/2022 Sealed Confidential Reports Cover Sheet Comment
    Domestic Violence – Treatment Report
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